The orthodontist can give you many options of which to choose from aside from the typical and familiar retainer, and these are metal braces, clear braces, lingual braces and invisible braces. Which one is best for you will depend mainly on your priorities and needs:
-Metal braces: These braces are exactly the ones that you picture when you hear the word “braces.” They were created to be extremely effective in their treatment method, and this is still true today. They can work with any kind of tooth misalignment case, from the mild to the severe, and produce lasting and great results weeks later. But they are horridly flamboyant in the way that they look, which is why most kids would not choose this method of treatment. They are made of steel, and they are made up of brackets and wires. The brackets are glued to the front of the teeth, and because they are made of metal, they reflect light and contrast strongly to the whiteness of the teeth behind them. The wires are tightened by the orthodontist for treatment purposes. This is a better option for children and teenagers who are okay with the way that they look with braces on. This is not an acceptable option for any adult who is depending on their uniform for their career, or for those who work in the corporate sphere, given the association with children that these braces have.
-Clear braces: For those who want the cheaper benefits that the metal braces offer but who want more discretion that the metal braces can give, there are clear braces. They are designed to function just like the metal braces, and so they are easy for the orthodontist to put on and tighten, and they are malleable and effective. The brackets are made of clear materials like plastic or ceramic. They are not in any way an invisible set of braces, but they do not cry for attention like the steel braces do. This is a great option for any child or teen that is undergoing severe anxiety over the way they look, so you will want to give them more discretion about their tooth alignment process.
-Lingual braces: For adults that absolutely need discretion in their treatment process, lingual braces will be the be all for you. They are glued to the back of the teeth instead of the front like traditional braces. They work on the same bracket and wire system too, but because they are glued to the back of the teeth, it makes it incredibly difficult for anyone to notice that you are wearing them. But because they are glued to the back of the teeth, they are very uncomfortable to wear and are difficult to be applied on by the orthodontist, unfortunately. He will have to work extra hard when applying the braces so as not to hurt you or make your bleed, considering the way that these are placed, and it takes a long time to get used to them in your mouth. You also have to be eligible for it, which depends on the severity or lack of severity of your case and how large your teeth are. If you are eligible for this method, it is a proven effective method that promises great results.
-Invisible braces: These are the most popular method and are growing more and more in popularity every year, considering that they are developed to be very easy to use and wear, and they wear like a mouth guard that looks like it is invisible. Some of us know these as Invisalign, and these are plastic aligners that are completely clear and see through that we wear like a mouth guard. They are very comfortable to wear in comparison to the lingual braces and they very easy to put on and take off. They are designed by a computer program that takes a scan of your mouth mold, and the orthodontist will then use the computer program to make a 3-D model and make the changes that are necessary for your individual treatment needs. The 3-D printer then prints out the aligners. These braces are one of the best options for an adult looking for discretion and ease, therefore. They are the more costly method of the ones that are mentioned in this list so far, since you will have to exchange your aligner for a new one every few weeks and go through the scanning process again.
Whatever your needs are, once you speak to an orthodontist about you needs and hopes, you will be able to make a choice that is right for you.